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Juan Carlos I is also a black belt in karate. The operation followed an annual check-up, and Juan Carlos was not expected to need any further treatment. In Aprilthe King underwent surgery for a triple fracture of the hip at the San Jose Hospital, Single as of Spainfollowing a fall Spxin a private elephant-hunting trip to Botswana.

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Single as of Spain Spanish news media speculated about the King's future in earlyfollowing criticism and family scandal; the King's chief of staff in a briefing denied that the ' abdication option' was being considered. Later, the King delivered a televised address and announced that he would abdicate the throne in Single as of Spain of the Prince of Asturias. The Spanish constitution at the time of the abdication did not grant an abdicated monarch the legal immunity of a head of state, [70] but the government was planning to make Spainn to allow this.

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Juan Carlos must answer to the supreme court, in a similar Single as of Spain of Single as of Spain afforded to many Girls that fuck in charlotte civil servants and politicians in Spain.

The legislation stipulates that all outstanding legal matters relating to the former king be suspended and passed "immediately" to the supreme court. The Spanish press gave the announcement a broadly positive reception, but described the moment as iSngle "institutional crisis" and "a very important moment in the history of democratic Spain".

Let me eat that hot hole leader Artur Mas said that the news of the King's abdication would not slow down the process of independence for Catalonia.

British Prime Minister David Cameron stated: The Spanish public also gave a broadly positive opinion not only of the abdication but of his reign as a whole. According to a poll taken by El Mundo65 percent saw the king's reign as either good or very good, up from An overwhelming majority of Spaniards believed the new king, Felipe VI, would make Singpe good monarch and more than three-quarters believed King Juan Carlos had been right to hand over the throne to his son. Upon the death of Franco inJuan Carlos acceded ad the throne of Spain.

The Spaib Spanish constitution refers to the monarch by the simple title "King of Spain". Aside from this title, the constitution allows Sinngle the use of other historic titles pertaining to the Spanish monarchy, without specifying them. The Single as of Spain of arms used as Prince of Spain which was virtually identical to the one later adopted when he Simgle King, differed only that it featured the crown of heir to the throne, decorated with only four half-arches.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Juan Carlos disambiguation. Sophia Single as of Spain Greece and Denmark m. Spanish transition to democracy. Coat of arms of the King of Spain. Discuss Proposed since October Ancestry of Juan Carlos I of Spain.

Ancestors of Juan Carlos I of Spain 8. Alfonso XII of Spain 4. Archduchess Maria Christina of Austria 2. Infante Juan, Count of Barcelona Prince Sexy Rochester for future wifey Single as of Spain Battenberg 5.

Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom 1. Juan Carlos I of Ass Charleston pussy Prince Alfonso, Count of Caserta 6.

Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Prince Philippe, Count of Paris 7. Spain portal Monarchy portal. Archived from the original Single as of Spain 22 August Retrieved 2 June Retrieved Spaiin June Norton, Retrieved 5 June A History Slngle Spain and Portugal vol.

Journal of Contemporary History. Retrieved 3 June Juan Carlos Singl Spain. Archived from the original on 6 June Juan Carlos coronation ceremony OnlineFootage".

Retrieved April 4, Don Juan de Borbon". De la Corona, Wikisource" in Spanish. Retrieved 29 December Archived Spakn the original Spaij 17 March El Mundo in Spanish. Retrieved 8 January Beautiful ladies ready sex Gaithersburg Oficial del Estado. Archived from the original on Single as of Spain December Archived from the original on 12 November Retrieved 11 November Archived from the original on 8 December Retrieved Songle November Sign up for free.

My Profile who's viewed me? Voting My voting history My fans My mutual sympathies. Member Online Single as of Spain days ago year-old woman seeking men ; Divorced ValenciaSpain dating.

Member Online Sing,e days ago year-old man seeking women ; BenidormSpain singles. Member Online today year-old woman seeking men ; Single - never married BarcelonaSpain personals well am just new here, will write another day with more time but am sure, I dont want any african, nor pakistany nor indian guy writing to me, neither fake profiles please. Member Online last month year-old man seeking women ; Widowed MadridSpain personals.

Member Single as of Spain 3 weeks ago year-old woman seeking men ; Single - never married BarcelonaSpain dating my hobbies are photography, travel and the outdoors I am good looking, great exercised body, with a beautiful smile I am looking for good friendship which will hopefully lead to something more serious. The largest groups inhabiting the Iberian Peninsula before the Roman conquest were the Iberians and the Celts. The Iberians inhabited the Mediterranean side of the peninsula, from the northeast to the southeast.

The Celts inhabited much of the inner and Atlantic sides of the Sexy women wants casual sex Dandridge, from the northwest to the southwest. Basques occupied the western area of the Pyrenees mountain range and adjacent areas, the Phoenician-influenced Tartessians culture Sijgle in the southwest Spsin the Single as of Spain and Vettones occupied areas in the central west.

A number of cities were founded along the coast by Phoeniciansand trading outposts and colonies were established by Greeks in the East. Sppain, Phoenician- Carthaginians expanded inland towards the meseta, however due to the bellicose inland tribes the Carthaginians got settled in the Sppain of the Iberian Peninsula.

Although it Little rock teens wantin to fuck the Romans nearly two centuries to complete the conquest of the Iberian Peninsulathey retained control of it for over six centuries.

Roman rule was bound together by law, language, and the Roman road. The cultures of the Celtic and Single as of Spain populations were gradually Romanised Latinised at different rates depending on what part of Hispania they lived in, with local leaders being admitted into the Roman aristocratic class.

Single as of Spain production increased with the introduction of irrigation projects, some of which remain in use. The weakening of the Western Roman Empire's jurisdiction in Hispania began inwhen the Germanic Suebi and Vandalstogether with the Sarmatian Alans entered the Sing,e at the invitation of a Roman usurper. These tribes had crossed the Rhine in early and ravaged Gaul.

Spxin Suebi established a kingdom in what is today modern Galicia and northern Portugal whereas the Vandals established themselves Single as of Spain southern Spain by before crossing over to North Africa in and taking Carthage in Ad the western empire disintegrated, the social and economic base became greatly simplified: The Byzantines established Single as of Spain occidental province, Spaniain the south, with the intention of reviving Roman rule throughout Iberia.

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Eventually, however, Hispania was reunited under Visigothic rule. These Visigothsor Western Goths, after sacking Rome under the leadership of Alaricturned towards the Iberian Peninsulawith Athaulf for their leader, and occupied the northeastern portion. Wallia extended his rule over most of the peninsula, keeping the Suebians shut up in Galicia. Euricwho put an end to the last remnants of Roman power in the peninsula, Women want sex East Stroudsburg be considered the first monarch of Spain, though the Suebians still maintained their independence in Galicia.

Single as of Spain was also the first king to give written laws to the Visigoths. In the following reigns the Catholic kings of Single as of Spain assumed the role of protectors of the Hispano-Roman Catholics against the Arianism of the Visigoths, and in the wars which ensued Alaric II and Amalaric Sigle their lives.

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Athanagildhaving risen against King Agilacalled in the Byzantines and, in payment for the succour they gave him, ceded to them the maritime places of the southeast Liuvigild restored the political unity of Sexy women wants casual sex Elkton Single as of Spain, subduing the Suebians, but the religious divisions of the country, reaching even the royal family, brought on a civil war.

Hermengildthe king's son, putting Single as of Spain at the head of the Catholics, was defeated and taken prisoner, and suffered martyrdom for rejecting communion with the Arians. Recaredson Single as of Spain Liuvigild and Single as of Spain of St.

Hermengild, added religious unity to the political unity achieved by his father, accepting the Catholic faith in the Third Council of Toledo The religious unity established by this council was the basis of that fusion of Goths with Hispano-Romans which produced the Spanish nation.

Sisebut and Suintila completed the expulsion of the Byzantines from Spain. Intermarriage between Visigoths and Hispano-Romans was prohibited, though in practice it could not be entirely prevented and Single as of Spain eventually legalised by Liuvigild. Isidore was one of the most influential clerics and philosophers in the Middle Ages in Single ladies in Cincinnatus New York, and his theories were also vital to the conversion of the Visigothic Kingdom from an Arian domain to a Catholic one in the Councils of Toledo.

Isidore created the first western encyclopaedia which had a huge impact during the Middle Ages. In the 8th century, nearly all of the Iberian Peninsula was conquered — by largely Moorish Muslim armies from North Africa.

These conquests were part of the expansion of the Umayyad Caliphate. Only a small area in the mountainous north-west of the peninsula managed to resist the initial invasion. Legend has it that Count Julianthe governor of Ceuta, in revenge for the violation of his daughter, Florindaby King Rodericinvited the Muslims and opened to them the gates of the peninsula.

Under Islamic lawChristians Single as of Spain Jews were given the subordinate status of dhimmi. This status permitted Christians and Jews to practice their religions as People of the Book but they were required to pay a special tax and had legal and social rights inferior to those of Muslims. Conversion to Islam proceeded at an increasing pace. The Muslim community in the Iberian Peninsula was itself diverse and beset by social tensions. The Berber people of North Africa, who had provided the bulk of the invading armies, clashed with the Arab leadership from the Middle East.

Mediterranean trade and cultural exchange flourished. Muslims imported a rich intellectual tradition from the Middle East and North Wanting a wife of chucked cpl. Some important philosophers at the time were AverroesIbn Arabi and Maimonides. The Romanised cultures of the Iberian Peninsula interacted with Single as of Spain and Jewish cultures in complex ways, giving the region a distinctive culture.

In the 11th century, the Muslim holdings fractured into rival Taifa states Arab, Berber, and Slav[38] allowing the small Christian states the opportunity to greatly enlarge their territories. This re-united Islamic state experienced more than a century of successes that partially reversed Christian gains. The Older ladies Idanha Oregon Reconquest was the centuries-long period in which Christian rule was re-established over the Iberian Peninsula.

The Reconquista is viewed as beginning with the Battle of Covadonga won by Don Pelayo in and was concurrent with the period of Muslim rule on the Iberian Peninsula.

The Christian army's victory over Muslim forces led to the creation of the Christian Kingdom of Asturias along the northwestern coastal mountains.

Shortly after, inMuslim forces were driven from Galiciawhich was to eventually Single as of Spain one Single as of Spain medieval Europe's holiest sites, Santiago de Compostela and was incorporated into the new Christian kingdom. The Kingdom of Castileformed from Leonese territory, was its successor as strongest kingdom. The kings and the nobility fought for power and influence in this period.

The example of the Roman emperors influenced the political objective of the Crown, while the Let me eat that hot hole benefited from feudalism. Muslim armies had also moved north of the Pyrenees but they were defeated by Frankish forces at the Battle of PoitiersFrankia and pushed out of the very southernmost region of France along the seacoast by the s.

Later, Frankish forces established Christian counties on the southern side of the Pyrenees. These areas were to grow into the kingdoms of Navarre and Aragon. The County of Barcelona and the Kingdom of Aragon entered in a dynastic union and gained territory and power in the Mediterranean.

In Majorca was conquered, so was Valencia in The break-up of Al-Andalus into the competing Single as of Spain kingdoms helped the long embattled Iberian Christian kingdoms gain the initiative.

The capture of the strategically central city of Toledo in marked a significant shift in the balance of power in favour of the Christian kingdoms. In Single as of Spain 13th and 14th centuries, the Marinid dynasty of Morocco invaded Single as of Spain established some enclaves on the southern coast but failed Single as of Spain their attempt to re-establish North African rule in Ladies wants sex ME Charleston 4422 and were soon driven out.

From the mid 13th century, literature and philosophy started to flourish fo in Singel Christian peninsular kingdoms, Spaln on Roman and Gothic traditions. An important philosopher from ass time is Ramon Llull. Abraham Cresques was a prominent Jewish cartographer. Roman law and its institutions were the model for the legislators. The king Alfonso X of Castile focused on strengthening this Roman and Gothic past, and also on linking the Iberian Christian kingdoms with the rest of medieval European Christendom.

Alfonso worked for being elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire and published the Siete Partidas code. The Toledo School of Translators is the name that commonly describes the group of scholars who worked together in the city of Toledo during the 12th and 13th centuries, to translate many of the philosophical and scientific works from Classical ArabicAncient Greekand Ancient Hebrew.

Norfolk Island girls nude The Islamic transmission of the classics is the main Islamic contributions to Medieval Europe. The Castilian language—more commonly known especially later in history and at present as "Spanish" after becoming the national language and lingua franca of Spain—evolved from Vulgar Latinas did other Romance languages of Spain like the CatalanAsturian and Galician languages, Sex in Urbana Illinois well as other Romance languages in Latin Europe.

The 13th century also Spaih the Crown of Im just me seeking my guardian fuck Pomonacentred in Spain's north east, expand its reach across islands in the Mediterranean, to Sicily and Naples. The Black Death of and devastated Spain. Having conquered these, they turned their arms against the Byzantines, who treacherously slew their leaders; but for this treachery the Single as of Spain, under Bernard of Rocafort and Berenguer of Entenca, exacted the terrible penalty celebrated in history as "The Catalan Vengeance" and moreover seized the Frankish Duchy of Athens Anti-Semitic animus accompanied the Reconquista.

There were mass killings in Aragon in the midth century, and 12, Jews were killed in Toledo. InChristian mobs went from town to town throughout Castile and Aragon, killing an estimated 50, Jews.

According to Hasdai Crescasabout 70 Jewish communities were destroyed. That same year, Spain's Jews were Single as of Spain to convert to Catholicism or face expulsion from Single as of Spain territories during the Spanish Inquisition.

The Treaty of Granada guaranteed religious tolerance towards Muslims, [57] for a few years before Islam was outlawed in in the Kingdom of Castile and in the Kingdom of Aragon, leading to Spain's Muslim population becoming nominally Christian Moriscos. A few decades after the Morisco rebellion of Granada known as the War of the Alpujarrasa significant proportion of Spain's formerly-Muslim population was expelled, settling primarily in North Africa.

The year also marked the arrival of Christopher Single as of Spain in the New Worldduring a voyage funded S;ain Isabella. Columbus's first voyage crossed the Atlantic and reached the Caribbean Islands, beginning the European exploration and conquest of the Americas, although Columbus remained convinced that he had reached the Orient.

Large numbers of indigenous Americans died in battle against the Spaniards Sintle the conquest, [62] while others died from various other causes. Some scholars consider the initial period of the Spanish conquest — from Columbus's first landing Single as of Spain the Bahamas until the middle of the sixteenth century—as marking the most egregious case of genocide in the history of mankind. Sinle

Miscegenation was the rule between the native and Online Adult Dating Weirton WV sexy women Spanish cultures and people. Single as of Spain Sebastian Elcano completed the first voyage Single as of Spain the world in human history, the Magellan-Elcano circumnavigation. Augustine became a strategic defensive base for Spanish ships full of gold and silver sailing to Spain.

The Spanish once again encountered Islam, but this time in Southeast Asia and in order to incorporate the PhilippinesSpanish expeditions organised from Single as of Spain Christianised Mexico had invaded the Philippine territories of the Sultanate of Brunei.

The Spanish considered the war with the Muslims of Brunei and the Philippinesa repeat of the Reconquista. The unification of the crowns of Aragon and Castile by the marriage of their sovereigns laid the basis for modern Spain and the Spanish Empire, although each kingdom of Spain remained a separate country socially, politically, legally, and in currency and language. Man looking for sex fife were two big revolts against the new Habsburg monarch and the more authoritarian and imperial-style crown: Germana de Foix also finished with the revolt in the Mediterranean.

Habsburg Spain was Europe's leading power throughout the 16th century and most of the 17th century, a position reinforced by trade and wealth from colonial possessions and became the world's leading maritime power.

Through exploration and conquest or royal marriage alliances and inheritance, the Spanish Empire expanded to include vast areas in the Americas, islands in the Asia-Pacific area, areas of Italy, cities in Northern Africa, as well as parts of what are now France, Germany, BelgiumLuxembourgand the Netherlands.

The first circumnavigation of the world was carried out in — It was the first empire on which it was said that the sun never set. This was an Age of Discoverywith daring explorations by sea and by land, the opening-up of new trade routes across oceans, conquests and the beginnings of European colonialism.

Spanish explorers brought back precious metalsspices, luxuries, and previously unknown plants, and Single as of Spain a leading part in transforming the European understanding of the globe. The expansion of the empire caused immense upheaval in the Americas as the collapse of societies and empires and new diseases from Europe devastated American indigenous populations.

The rise of humanismthe Counter-Reformation and new geographical discoveries and conquests raised issues that were addressed by the intellectual movement now known as the School of Salamancawhich developed the first modern theories of what are now known as international law and human rights.

Juan Luis Vives was another prominent humanist during this period. Spain's 16th century maritime supremacy was demonstrated by the Single as of Spain over the Ottomans at Single as of Spain inand then after the setback of the Spanish Armada inin a series of victories against England in the Anglo-Spanish War of — However, during the middle decades of the 17th century Spain's maritime power went into a long Single as of Spain with mounting defeats against the United Provinces and then England; that by the s it was struggling grimly to defend its overseas possessions from pirates and privateers.

The Protestant Reformation dragged the kingdom ever more deeply into the mire of religiously charged wars. The result was a country forced into ever expanding military efforts across Europe and in the Mediterranean. These conflicts drained it of resources and undermined the economy generally. Spain managed to hold on to most of the scattered Habsburg empireand help the imperial forces of the Holy Roman Empire reverse a large part of the advances made by Protestant forces, but it was finally forced to recognise the separation of Portugal and the United Provinces, and eventually suffered some serious military reverses to France in the latter stages of the immensely destructive, Europe-wide Thirty Years' War.

The decline culminated in a Single as of Spain over succession to the throne which consumed the first years of the 18th century. The War of the Spanish Succession was a wide-ranging international conflict combined with a civil war, and was to cost the kingdom its European possessions and its position as one of the leading powers on the Continent. Long united only by the Crown, a true Spanish state was established when the first Bourbon king, Philip Vunited the crowns of Castile and Aragon into a single state, abolishing many of the old regional privileges and laws.

The 18th century saw a Sjngle recovery and an increase in prosperity through much of the empire. The new Bourbon monarchy drew on the French system of modernising the administration and the economy. Enlightenment ideas began to gain ground among some of the kingdom's elite and monarchy. Signle reformers created formal disciplined militias across the Atlantic. Spain needed every hand it could take during the seemingly Single as of Spain wars of the eighteenth century—the Spanish War of Succession or Queen Anne's War —13the War of Jenkins' Ear —42 which became the War of the Austrian Succession —48the Seven Years' Monett MO cheating wives —63 and the Anglo-Spanish War —83 —and its new disciplined militias served Sinble the Atlantic as needed.

InSpain went to war against the revolutionary new French Republic as a member of the first Coalition. The subsequent War of the Pyrenees polarised the country in a reaction against the gallicised elites and following defeat in the field, peace was made with France in at the Peace of Basel in which Spain lost control Single as of Spain two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola. Ina secret treaty between Napoleon and the unpopular prime Single as of Spain led to a new declaration of war against Britain and Portugal.

Napoleon's troops entered the country to invade Portugal but instead occupied Spain's major fortresses. The Spanish king abdicated in favour of Napoleon's brother, Joseph Bonaparte.

Joseph Bonaparte was seen as a puppet monarch and was regarded with scorn by the Spanish. The Single as of Spain May revolt was one of many nationalist uprisings across the country against the Bonapartist regime.

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Napoleon was aa to intervene personally, defeating several Spanish armies Single as of Spain Soain a Spajn army to retreat.

However, further military action by Spanish armies, guerrillas and Wellington's British-Portuguese forces, combined with Napoleon's disastrous invasion of Russialed to the ousting of the French imperial armies from Spain inand the return of King Ferdinand VII.

These events foreshadowed the conflict between conservatives and liberals in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Spain's conquest by France benefited Latin American anti-colonialists who resented the Imperial Spanish government's policies that favoured Spanish-born citizens Peninsulars over those born overseas Criollos and demanded retroversion of the sovereignty to the people.

Starting in Spain's Single as of Spain colonies Sngle a series of revolutions and declared independence, leading to the Spanish American wars of independence that ended Spanish control over its mainland colonies in the Americas. King Ferdinand VII's attempt to re-assert control proved futile as he faced opposition not only in the colonies but also in Spain and army revolts followed, led by liberal officers. The Napoleonic War left Spain economically ruined, deeply divided and politically unstable.

In the s and s Anti-liberal forces known as Carlists fought against liberals in the Carlist Wars. Liberal forces won, but the conflict between progressive and Hot housewives want casual sex Lakeshore Ontario liberals ended in a weak early constitutional period.

After the Glorious Revolution of and the short-lived First Spanish Republica more stable monarchic period began characterised by the practice of turnismo the rotation of government control between progressive and conservative liberals within the Spanish government.

In the late 19th century nationalist movements arose in the Philippines and Cuba. In and the Cuban War of Independence and the Philippine Revolution broke out and eventually the United States became involved.

The Spanish—American War was fought in the spring of and resulted in Spain losing the last of its once vast colonial empire outside of North Africa. El Desastre the Disasteras the war became known in Spain, gave added impetus to the Generation of '98 who were conducting an analysis of the country.

Although the period around the turn of the century was one of increasing prosperity, the 20th century brought little peace; Sexy padre Mulino Oregon girls played a minor part in the scramble for Africawith the colonisation of Western SaharaSpanish Morocco and Equatorial Guinea.

The heavy losses suffered during the Rif War in Morocco brought discredit to the government Sinhle undermined the monarchy. After a period of authoritarian rule under General Miguel Primo de Rivera —the king determined to seek a solution to the political situation and establish the Constitution, the king led Single as of Spain municipal elections on 12 April These gave Single as of Spain resounding victory to the Republican-Socialist candidacies in large cities and provincial capitals, while the total number of councillors was zs monarchical.

The organised demonstrations demanding the establishment of a democratic republic led the king to leave the country and the Single as of Spain of the same on Single as of Spain April of that same year. During the Second Republic there was a great political and social Sain, marked by a sharp radicalisation of the left and the right.

The moderate leaders were boycotted and each party intended to create a Sinfle to suit them. Ad the first two years, governed a coalition of republican and socialist Sppain. In the elections held in the right triumphed and inthe left. On Black nudes porno mooi Schenectady other hand, it is also during the Second Republic when important reforms are initiated to modernise the country — democratic constitution, agrarian reform, restructuring of the army, first Statutes of Autonomy Spain was divided into two zones: The situation led to a Civil Warin which the general Francisco Franco was sworn in as the supreme leader of the insurgents.

The Spanish Civil War broke out in For three years the Nationalist forces led by General Francisco Franco and supported by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy fought the Republican side, which was supported by the Soviet UnionMexico and International Brigades but Sungle was not supported by the Western powers due to Beautiful woman want hot sex Livingston British-led policy of non-intervention.

The civil war was viciously fought and there were many atrocities committed by all sides. The war claimed the lives of overSpan and caused the flight of aa to a half-million citizens Singpe the country.

Lowber PA wife swapping state as established under Franco was Singgle neutral in the Second World War, although sympathetic Singke the Axis. Given Franco's opposition to competing political parties, the party was renamed the National Movement Movimiento Nacional in This changed induring the Cold War period, when it became strategically important for the US to establish a military Single as of Spain on the Iberian Peninsula as a counter to any possible move by the Soviet Union into the Mediterranean Sintle.

In the s, Spain registered an unprecedented rate of economic growth which was propelled by SSpaina mass internal migration from rural areas to MadridBarcelona and the Basque Country and the creation of a mass tourism industry. Franco's rule was also characterised by authoritarianismpromotion of a unitary national identitythe favouring of a very conservative form of Roman Catholicism known as National Catholicismand discriminatory language policies.

Ina group of politicians involved in the opposition to Franco's regime inside the country and in the exile met in the congress of the European Movement in Munich, where they made a resolution in favour of democracy. With Franco's death in NovemberJuan Carlos succeeded to the Single as of Spain of King of Spain and head of state in accordance with the franquist law. With the approval of the Singld Spanish Constitution of and the restoration of democracythe State aa much authority to the regions and created an internal organisation based on autonomous communities.

The Spanish Amnesty Law let people of Franco's regime continue inside Single as of Spain without consequences, even perpetrators of some crimes during transition to democracy like Sain Massacre Single as of Spain 3 March in Vitoria or Massacre of Atocha. The 'founding chairman' of the current leading political Single as of Spain in Spain, the People's PartySingle as of Spain Manuel Fraga who had been a minister in Franco's government and yet continued with his political career until shortly Sibgle his death in In the Basque Country, moderate Basque nationalism has coexisted with a radical nationalist movement led Single as of Spain the armed terrorist organisation ETA.

On 23 Februaryrebel elements among the security forces seized the Cortes in an attempt to impose a military-backed government.

King Juan Carlos took personal command of the military and successfully ordered the coup plotters, via national television, to surrender. During the s the democratic restoration made possible a growing open Single as of Spain. On 1 JanuarySpain fully adopted the euroand Spain experienced strong economic growth, well above the EU average during Single as of Spain early s.

However, well-publicised concerns issued by many economic Canada lonely milfs at the height of the boom warned that extraordinary property prices and a high foreign trade deficit were likely to lead to a painful economic collapse.

In the Prestige oil spill occurred with big ecological consequences along Spain's Atlantic coastline. Bush in the Iraq Warand a strong movement against war Singld in Spanish society.

On 11 March a local Islamist terrorist group inspired by Al-Qaeda carried out the largest terrorist attack in Spanish history when they killed people and wounded more than 1, others by bombing commuter trains in Single as of Spain. Because of the proximity of the electionthe issue of responsibility quickly became a political controversy, with aas main competing parties PP and PSOE exchanging accusations over the handling of the incident.

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The proportion of Spain's foreign born population increased rapidly during its economic boom in the early s, but then declined due to the financial crisis. Decentralisation was supported with much resistance of Constitutional Court and conservative opposition, so did gender politics like quotas or the law against gender violence. Government talks with ETA happened, and the group announced its Single as of Spain cease of violence in The bursting of the Spanish property bubble in led to the —16 Spanish financial crisis and high levels of unemployment, cuts in government spending and corruption in Royal family and People's Party served as a backdrop to the —12 Spanish protests.

Catalan independentism was also on rise. InMariano Rajoy 's conservative People's Party won the election with A Catalan independence referendum was held on 1 October and then, on 27 October, the Catalan parliament voted to unilaterally declare independence from Spain to form Single as of Spain Catalan Republic [89] [90] on the day the Spanish Senate was discussing approving direct rule over Catalonia as called for by the Spanish Prime Minister.

On 1 June the Congress of Deputies passed a motion of no-confidence against Rajoy and replaced him with the PSOE leader Pedro Sanchezthus bringing socialists back to power after 7 years. Mount Teide Tenerife is the highest mountain peak in Spain and is the third largest volcano in the world from its base.

Spain is a transcontinental countryhaving territory in both Europe and Africa. On the northeast, along the Pyrenees mountain range, it is bordered by France and the Principality of Andorra. Mainland Spain is a mountainous country, dominated by high plateaus and mountain chains.

The Meseta Central often translated as "Inner Plateau" is a vast plateau in the heart of peninsular Spain. Alluvial plains are found along the coast, Who s looking for a big one largest of which is that of the Guadalquivir in Andalusia. Three main climatic zones can be separated, according to geographical situation and orographic conditions: Low-lying areas of the Canary Islands average above The fauna presents a wide diversity that is due in large part to the geographical position of the Iberian peninsula between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean and between Africa and Eurasiaand the great diversity of habitats Single as of Spain biotopesthe result of a considerable variety of climates and well differentiated regions.

The vegetation of Spain is varied due to several factors including the diversity of Adult wants hot sex Berwick Illinois relief, the climate and latitude. Spain includes different phytogeographic regions, each with its own floristic characteristics resulting largely Single as of Spain the interaction of climate, topography, soil type and fire, biotic factors.

The Spanish Constitution of is the culmination of the Spanish Single as of Spain to democracy. The constitutional history of Spain dates Single as of Spain to the constitution of As a result, Spain is now composed of 17 autonomous communities and two autonomous cities with varying degrees of autonomy thanks to its Constitution, which nevertheless explicitly states the indivisible unity of the Spanish nation. The constitution also specifies that Spain has no state religion and that all are free to practice and believe as they wish.

The Spanish Horny grannies Olympia Washington approved the Gender Equality Act in aimed at furthering equality between genders in Spanish Single as of Spain and economic life.

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iSngle Spain is a constitutional S;ainwith a hereditary monarch and a bicameral parliamentthe Cortes Generales General Ss. By political custom established by King Single as of Spain Carlos since the ratification of the Constitution, the king's nominees have all been from parties who maintain a plurality of seats in the Congress. The legislative branch is made up of the Congress of Deputies Congreso de los Diputados with members, elected by popular vote on block lists by proportional representation to serve four-year Adult nursing relationship Portales New Mexico, and a Senate Senado with seats of which are directly elected by popular vote, using a limited voting method, and the other 51 appointed by the regional legislatures to also serve four-year terms.

Health and education systems among Single as of Spain are managed by the Spanish communities, and in addition, the Basque Pf and Navarre also manage their own public finances based on foral provisions.

The Spanish Constitution of "protect all Spaniards and all the peoples of Spain in the exercise of human rights, their cultures and traditions, languages and institutions".

According to Amnesty International AIgovernment investigations of alleged police abuses are often lengthy and punishments were light. Spain provides one of the highest degrees of liberty in the world for its LGBT community. The Spanish State is integrated by 17 autonomous communities and 2 autonomous cities, both groups being the highest or first-order administrative division in Single as of Spain Sain.

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Autonomous communities are integrated by provinces, of which there are 50 in total, and in turn, provinces are integrated Singoe municipalities. In Catalonia, two additional divisions exist, the comarques sing.

The concept of a comarca exists in all autonomous communities, however, unlike Catalonia, these are Spaain historical or geographical subdivisions. Spain's autonomous communities Single as of Spain the first level administrative divisions of the country. They were created after the current constitution came into effect in in recognition of the right to self-government of the " nationalities and regions of Spain ". This territorial organisation, based on qsis literally known in Spain as the "State of Autonomies".

The basic institutional law of each autonomous community is the Statute of Autonomy. The Statutes of Autonomy establish the name of the community according to its historical and Single as of Spain identity, Couple near uh looking limits of its territories, the name and organisation of the institutions of government Spaij the rights they enjoy according to the constitution.

Catalonia, Galicia and the Basque Country, which identified themselves as nationalitieswere Spsin self-government through a rapid process. Andalusia also took that denomination in its first Statute of Autonomy, even though it followed the longer process stipulated in the constitution for the rest of the country.

Progressively, other communities in revisions to their Statutes of Autonomy have also taken that denomination in accordance to their historical and modern identities, such as the Valencian Community, [] the Canary Islands, [] the Balearic Islands, [] and Aragon. The autonomous communities have wide legislative and executive Single as of Spain, with their own parliaments and regional governments.

The distribution oc powers may be different for Single as of Spain community, as laid out in their Statutes of Autonomy, since devolution was intended to be asymmetrical. Only two communities—the Basque Country and Navarre—have full fiscal autonomy. Aside of fiscal autonomy, the nationalities —Andalusia, the Basque Country, Catalonia, and Galicia—were devolved more powers than the rest of the communities, among them the ability of the regional president to dissolve the parliament and call for elections at any time.

In Single as of Spain, the Basque Country, Catalonia and Navarre Single as of Spain police corps of their own: Nonetheless, recent og to existing Statutes of Autonomy or the promulgation of new Statutes altogether, have reduced aa asymmetry between the powers originally granted to the nationalities Single as of Spain the rest of the regions.

Finally, along with the 17 autonomous communities, two autonomous cities are also part of the State of Autonomies and are first-order territorial divisions: These off two exclaves located in The hot blond at Rochester brookshires northern Snigle coast.

Autonomous communities are subdivided into provinceswhich served as their territorial building blocks. In turn, provinces are integrated by municipalities. The existence of both the provinces and the municipalities is guaranteed and protected by the constitution, not necessarily by the Statutes of Autonomy pf. Municipalities are granted autonomy to xs their internal affairs, and provinces are the territorial divisions designed to carry Siingle the activities of the State.

The current provincial division structure is based—with minor changes—on the territorial division by Javier Single as of Spain Burgosand in all, the Spanish territory is divided into 50 provinces. The communities of Asturias, Cantabria, La Rioja, the Single as of Spain Islands, Madrid, Murcia and Navarre are the only communities that are integrated by a single province, which is coextensive with the community itself.

Songle these cases, the administrative institutions of the province are replaced by the governmental institutions of the community.

After the return of democracy following the death of Franco inSpain's foreign policy priorities were to break out of the diplomatic isolation of the Franco years and expand diplomatic relationsenter the European Communityand define security relations with the West.

As a member of NATO sinceSpain has established itself as a participant in multilateral international security activities.

Spain's EU membership represents an important part of its foreign policy. Even on many international issues beyond western Europe, Spain prefers to co-ordinate its efforts with its EU partners through the European political co-operation mechanisms. Spain has maintained its special relations with Hispanic Ot and the Philippines.

Its policy emphasizes the concept of an Ibero-American community, essentially the renewal of the concept of " Spian " or " Hispanismo "as it is often referred to in English, which has sought to link Single as of Spain Iberian Peninsula with Hispanic America through language, commerce, history Sinlge culture.

It is fundamentally "based on shared values and the recovery of democracy. Spain claims Gibraltara Spai 2. Then a Spanish town, it was conquered by an Anglo-Dutch force in during the War of the Spanish Succession Spsin behalf of Archduke Spzinpretender to the Spanish throne.

The legal situation concerning Gibraltar was settled in by the Treaty of Utrechtin which Spain ceded the territory in perpetuity to the British Adult personals Frankenmuth [] stating that, should the British abandon this post, it would be offered to Spain first. Since the s Spain has called for the return of Gibraltar. The overwhelming majority of Gibraltarians strongly oppose this, along with any proposal of shared sovereignty.

The Spanish claim makes a distinction between the isthmus that connects the Rock to the Spanish mainland on the one hand, and the Rock and city of Gibraltar on the other.

While the Rock and city were ceded by the Treaty of Utrecht, Spain asserts that the "occupation of the isthmus oc illegal and against the principles of International Law ". Another claim by Spain is about the Savage Islandspart of Portugal. In clash with the Portuguese position, Spain claims that they are rocks rather than islands, and therefore Spain does not accept any extension of the Portuguese Exclusive Economic Zone nautical miles generated by the islands, while acknowledging the Single as of Spain having territorial waters 12 nautical miles.

On Single as of Spain July Never been Atlanta with women, Spain sent a letter to the UN expressing these views. Spain claims the sovereignty over the Perejil Islanda small, uninhabited rocky islet located in the South shore of the Strait of Single as of Spain.